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Hydrogen is an alternative fuel for trains, especially for diesel locomotives. Using one kilogram of hydrogen as a fuel for trains replaces approximately 4.5 liters of diesel.
Linde has started building the world’s first hydrogen refueling station for passenger trains, in Bremervörde, Germany. The Coradia iLint train manufactured by Alstom is the world’s first passenger train to be powered by fuel cells and hydrogen. The station, which is planned to start operations in 2022, will serve 14 hydrogen-powered passenger trains. The project is co-funded by the German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure within the scope of the National Innovation Program Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology.
The H2 refueling station in Bremervörde will lay the foundation for zero-emission hydrogen trains in commercial service throughout the Elbe-Weser public transport network. With a range of 1,000 kilometers, the multiple-unit trains will be able to travel the network run by the Verkehrsbetriebe Elbe-Weser GmbH (evb) transport authority for an entire day on just one tank.
The hydrogen refueling station will have a capacity of around 1,600 kilograms of hydrogen per day, making it one of the largest hydrogen stations in terms of nameplate capacity ever built. It will be constructed with scope for future on-site hydrogen generation using electrolysis and renewable energy. Bremervörde’s station design already provides for expansion with the potential to leverage synergies with other forms of transport. The Hydrogen refueling station could, for example, be used in the future to refuel buses and other municipal vehicles, thus increasing capacity utilization.
The Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB) are also currently conducting a trial run of a Coradia iLint train in regular passenger service in southern Austria.
Linde has been the supplier of choice for numerous projects that have brought hydrogen to bus fleets around the world:
Linde is turning concepts into reality by teaming up to develop the next generation of hydrogen trucks.
Linde has signed an agreement with Daimler Truck AG, one of the world's largest manufacturers of commercial vehicles, to jointly develop the next generation of hydrogen fueling technology for fuel cell-powered heavy-duty vehicles. Together, the companies will develop fueling technology based on subcooled liquid hydrogen (sLH2), which allows for higher on-board capacity, greater range, faster refueling and superior energy efficiency.
The new fueling process will be implemented in the series version of the Mercedes-Benz GenH2 Truck, which was unveiled in September 2020 as a concept vehicle, and will have a range of more than 1,000 kilometers. The companies plan for the first refueling of a prototype vehicle at a pilot station to take place in Germany in 2023.
By supplying a hydrogen fueling system for BMW's material handling fleet, hydrogen is now doing the heavy lifting.
BMW’s manufacturing plant in Spartanburg, South Carolina, replaced lead-acid batteries in its material handling fleet with hydrogen fuel cells. The forklifts and trucks service the plant's production and logistics functions by delivering process parts to assembly machines throughout the plant.
Linde supplied a hydrogen fueling system with six indoor dispenser stations to support more than 100 pieces of material handling equipment operating inside BMW's plant, including two new higher-throughput compressors, new storage tubes and distribution piping, and eight new hydrogen dispensers.
The green hydrogen used in the fuel cells is a by-product of a sodium chlorate plant that Linde purifies, compresses and liquefies using electricity produced from renewable hydropower.
Our hydrogen fueling technology puts Linde at the helm of developing more climate-friendly ships.
Hydrogen will play a significant role in the future of zero-emission ships. A first step in developing the marine sector’s transition to climate friendly fuels was the selection of Linde by Norwegian ferry operator Norled to supply liquid hydrogen and related infrastructure to the world's first operational hydrogen-powered ferry, which will transport both cars and passengers.
Linde will provide a full-service solution to the MF Hydra ferry in Norway. Liquid hydrogen will be supplied from Linde's new 24MW electrolyzer at the Leuna Chemical Complex in Germany, which will use PEM (Proton Exchange Membrane) technology to produce green hydrogen. Linde will also build and install onshore and onboard hydrogen storage, distribution and safety equipment. Supply of hydrogen is scheduled to commence in 2022, at which point the fuel-cell powered ferry will reduce its annual carbon emissions by up to 95%.